Parts Of The Body

Learn different parts of the body in English. Human anatomy and physiology are treated in many different articles. There are ten major systems include the skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and the reproductive system.

External Parts of the Body

The Face

Body PartLocationFunctions
facefront of the headfive senses; communicating emotions
scalptop of the head (under hair)cooling the head with sweat glands in the skin; protecting the skull with extra blood vessels
foreheadtop of the face, above the eyesforming facial expressions; protecting the eyes
neckbelow the head, above the shoulderssupporting the head’s weight; allowing the head to turn; sending messages from the brain to the rest of the body (vertebrae)
eyesbelow the forehead, above the nosesense of sight
mouthbelow the noseeating; talking; sense of taste
nosemiddle of the facebreathing; keeping out foreign particles (with nose hairs)
nostrilsthese are the two holes in your nosebreathing; sense of smell;
tongueinside the mouthsense of taste (with taste buds); talking (forming words); swallowing
eyebrowabove the eyesto keep our eyes clear of liquid, such as sweat or rain
eyelidjust above the eyeprotecting the eyes from foreign particles; enable eyes to close
eyelashon the edges of the eyelidprotecting the eyes from foreign particles
cheekfaceresponsible for various facial expressions
chinlower end of the facemodern human chin helps the jaw stand up to the forces generated by chewing
lipsmouthprovide competence to the oral cavity during mastication and at rest.
earon either side of the headsense of hearing; maintaining balance
hairon top of the scalpregulating body temperature; protecting the scalp
jawtop of the mouth (maxilla) and bottom of the mouth (mandible)chewing; opening and closing the mouth; talking
teethinside the mouthchewing food to be digested

The Arm, Hand And Fingers

Body PartLocationFunction
armon either side of the torsoperforming tasks with movement
upper armbetween shoulders and elbowsflexing the arm; connecting the lower arm to the shoulder
forearmbetween elbows and wristsflexing the wrist; connecting the arm to the wrist
shoulderjoint between the upper arm and torsoconnecting the upper arm to the torso; allowing the arm to rotate (range of motion); providing strength to the arm
elbowjoint between the upper arm and forearmconnecting the upper arm to the forearm; extending the arm; rotating the lower arm
wristjoint between the forearm and handconnecting the forearm to the hand; rotating the hand
knucklejoint between hand bones (carpals) and finger bones (phalanges)connecting the fingers to the hand; allow fingers to bend and extend
handend of the arm, connected to the wristfine motor skills (writing, pinching, gripping)
palmflat side of handhelping with grip; sense of touch
fingerend of handhelping with grip; sense of touch; gesturing (pointing, hand signals, etc.)
fingernailend of fingerprotecting nail beds from foreign particles; helping with grip
index fingerThe index finger is the second digit of a human hand. It is located between the thumb and the middle finger. easily pinches against an opposed thumb in the sagittal plane, has a very mobile tip for repositioning objects because of intrinsic muscles that can abduct and adduct to meet the thumb
middle fingerThe middle finger is the third digit of a human hand. It is located between the index and the ring finger. the source of strength for grabbing and holding on
ring fingerThe ring finger is the fourth digit of a human hand. It is located between the middle and the little finger. Wearing a ring on your ring finger represents your relationship status, whether that be engagement, marriage, or a long-term monogamous relationship.
little finger (informal: pinky finger)The little finger is the fifth digit of a human hand. It is located after the middle finger.The pinkie finger is critical for grip strength.
thumbleft or right side of the handhelping with grip (opposable; can turn back against the other fingers)

Parts of the Torso

Body PartLocationFunction
torsomiddle of the body, between the neck and legsstabilizing the body (posture); protecting internal organs; connecting the limbs (arms and legs) to the body
chesttop of the torsoprotecting lungs and heart; assisting in arm movement
abdomenmiddle of the torsostabilizing the body; protecting internal organs
belly buttonmiddle of the bellyconnects a baby’s umbilical cord to its mother’s placenta before birth
backback of the torsostabilizing the body; protecting vertebrae, which send messages to the rest of the body
buttocksback of the torso, just above the legscushioning the body when sitting; assisting in hip and thigh movement
waistmiddle of torsostabilizing the body; allowing the upper body to bend to the lower half
hipslower sides of torsosupporting body weight; helping with walking, sitting, and standing

Parts of the Legs

Body PartLocationFunction
legbelow torso, above footkeeping the body stable; walking; running; bending the body
thightop of leg, above the kneeallowing the leg to flex and move; supporting weight of the upper body
shinlower leg, under the kneeflexing the foot; stabilizing the ankle
kneejoint between the thigh and shinbending the leg; supporting weight of the upper body
anklejoint between the foot and shinrotating the foot; connecting the foot to the leg
footbottom of the legwalking; supporting body weight; propelling the body forward
toeend of the footproviding balance while walking; distributing body weight
heelback of the footdistributing body weight
Parts Of The Body

Internal Parts of the Body

Body PartLocationFunction
heartchestpumps your blood around your body.
lungschestwhen you breathe, the air goes into your lungs.
veinsall throughout the bodythese transport blood through your body. They are like little tubes.
brain inside the skullthis is your ‘thinking machine’ inside your head.
skullthe headthe bone that protects the head
vocal chordsthroatto speak or sing
throat neckfood goes down this to get to your stomach.
pancreasinside the abdomen helps your digestive system by making enzymes and hormones.
jointslimbsallows for backward, forward, sideways, and rotating movement.
musclesall over the face and the bodyresponsible for movement.
ligamentsall throughout the bodyhold structures together and keep them stable
liverinside the abdomen the organ that cleans your blood.
stomach inside the abdomen your food goes here when you swallow it.
kidneysinside the abdomen the organs that process all your body waste.
skeletonall over the face and the bodyall of the bones in your body.
bones all over the face and the bodyyour skeleton consists of many bones. There are about 206 in your body.
glandsall throughout the bodyproduce and release different hormones that target specific things in the body.
ribs chestthese are the bones that protect the organs in your chest.
red blood cellsall throughout the bodycarry oxygen from our lungs to the rest of our bodies.
white blood cellsall throughout the bodyhelp the body fight infection and other diseases
skin all over the bodyit covers almost the entire body and helps keep all the organs and muscles in place.