Linguistics, the systematic study of human language, provides a strong foundation for working in speech pathology, education, journalism, law, artificial intelligence and computer-mediated language learning, among other fields.

It looks at the general phenomenon of human language. Different families of languages (example: Germanic, including English, German, Dutch and Scandinavian, among others). Specific languages (example: Arabic, Mandarin and French).

What are the four main types of linguistic expressions?

Based on what you are doing and how you are feeling at this moment, write one of each of the four types of expressions—an observation, a thought, a feeling, and a need.

Linguistic Fields

Theoretical linguistics inquires broadly into what language is, how it forms, and what the fundamental properties of language are. It is the scientific study of language and its structure, including the study of morphology, syntax, phonetics, and semantics.

Applied linguistics, on the other hand, aims to solve language problems in the real world. Specific branches include sociolinguistics, dialectology, psycholinguistics, computational linguistics, and historical-comparative linguistics.

Theoretical Linguistics
Applied Linguistics
Discourse Analysis
Historical Linguistics


In general terms, this means that anyone from bilinguals to polyglots to hyperpolyglots can, in effect, call themselves linguists, even if they do not have academic qualifications in languages.

Linguist skills are important attributes that linguists bring to the industry. Linguists can learn both hard skills and soft skills during their training. Hard skills are technical abilities that linguists apply directly to their work, such as foreign language fluency or interpretation.

linguistics degrees

Linguistics is a major that gives you insight into one of the most intriguing aspects of human knowledge and behavior. Majoring in linguistics means that you will learn about many aspects of human language, including sounds (phonetics, phonology), words (morphology), sentences (syntax), and meaning (semantics).

Did you know?

The most common spoken language in the world is Chinese — 1.3 Billion Native Speakers. Numbers vary widely — Ethnologue puts the number of native speakers at 1.3 billion native speakers, roughly 900 million of whom speak Mandarin.

Kawishana is the rarest language in the world.

How many languages are there in the world?

7,168 languages are in use today.

That number is constantly in flux, because we’re learning more about the world’s languages every day. And beyond that, the languages themselves are in flux. They’re living and dynamic, used by communities whose lives are shaped by our rapidly changing world. This is a fragile time: Roughly 40% of languages are now endangered, often with fewer than 1,000 users remaining. Meanwhile, just 23 languages account for more than half the world’s population.