Verbs in the English Language

Verbs are actions

Grammar is quintessential for accurate communication. But if you really want to know where all the action is? I will tell you. Verbs! Verbs are words that represent actions that are external (laugh, work, run and eat) and internal (love, think, consider). It is safe to say without verbs, we can’t do anything, we can’t feel anything—we can’t even be anything. Verbs in the English Language act as the heart of sentences and clauses, verbs show what the subject is doing or feeling, even if they’re just existing. Verbs are also the only type of word that’s absolutely necessary to make a sentence. Not even nouns and pronouns, which represent things, need to be in every sentence.

  • Structure: How do we make the tense?
  • Use: When and why do we use the tense?
  1. Present Simple
    • I do, I do do
      1. Present Simple Verb To Be
        • I am
  2. Present Continuous
    • I am doing
  3. Present Perfect
    • I have done
  4. Present Perfect Continuous
    • I have been doing
  • Past Simple
    • I did, I did do
  • Past Continuous
    • I was doing
  • Past Perfect
    • I had done
  • Past Perfect Continuous
    • I had been doing
  • Future Simple
    I will do
  • Future Continuous
    I will be doing
  • Future Perfect
    I will have done
  • Future Perfect Continuous
    I will have been doing
What Are Auxiliary Verbs?

An auxiliary verb (or a helping verb as it’s also called) is used with a main verb to help express the main verb’s tense, mood, or voice. The main auxiliary verbs are to beto have, and to do. They appear in the following forms:

  • To Be: am, is, are, was, were, being, been, will be
  • To Have: has, have, had, having, will have
  • To Do: does, do, did, will do

Modal auxiliary verbs include: can, could, may, might, must, ought, shall, should, will, and would. These verbs – which never change forms the way most other verbs do – indicate possibility, capability, necessity, or willingness.

SimpleContinuousPerfectPerfect Progressive Tense
Present do – doesis am are (+ ing)has havehave/has been
Past didwas were (+ ing)hadhad been
Future willwill be (+ ing)will have/haswill have been


Present SimplePresent ContinuousPresent PerfectPresent Perfect Continuous
Verb to be or
do/does + verb in the present
to be + inghave/has + verb in the past participle have/has + verb to be  + ing
Used to express routine and factsUsed to express things that are happening right now or
special occasions
Used to express things that happened in the past but still affect the presentUsed to express things that happened in the past and are still happening
1. I am Taylor
2. It is 11am.
3. I have class on Thursdays and Fridays
4. I don’t like pizza
1. I’m driving
2.I am not going to a birthday party this weekend
1. I’ve been a teacher for 15 years
2. She has lived in Lisbon for nearly a decade (regular verb)
3. They‘ve forgotten their key (irregular verb)
1. I‘ve been working on this project for 2 weeks now
2. You‘ve been living

Present Simple Verb To Be

PositivePositive Short FormNegativeNegative short formQuestionPositive sentence
1st person
amI’mam notn/a(where)  am I?I’m Taylor
2nd person
is she’s
is not
isn’t(why)  is he?
(who) is she?
She is a teacher.
It‘s time to go.
3rd person
areyou’reare not
aren’t(what) are you?
(when) are we?
(how) are they?
You’re late.
They are Dutch.

Present Continuous Verb To Be

1st person
I am going
I’m staying
(where)  am I going?I‘m not going
I am not staying
2nd person
She is going
She’s staying
(why)  is he going?
(who) is she staying with?
She is not going
She‘s not staying
3rd person
We are going
We’re going
(what) are you doing?
(when) are we going?
(how) are they doing?
You’re not going
They are not staying
do + infinitive verb*
verb in the simple present
do + pronoun
+ infinite verb
do + not + infinitive verb*
verb in the simple present
1st person
I sing
I do sing
Do I eat?I do not eat
I don’t eat
2nd person
She does eat
She eats
Does he eat?She does not eat
She doesn’t eat
3rd person
You do eat
You eat
Do you eat?You do not eat
You don’t eat
*used for emphasis


When we talk about things in the past that are not true any more, we can do it in different ways.

Look at these examples to see how used towould and the past simple are used.

  • She used to live in London.
  • I didn’t use to like olives.
  • We would always go to the seaside for our holidays.
  • But one holiday we went to the mountains instead.
Used to + infinitive

We can use used to to talk about past states that are not true any more.

  • We used to live in New York when I was a kid.
  • There didn’t use to be a supermarket there. When did it open?
  • Did you use to have a garden?

We can also use used to to talk about past habits (repeated past actions) that don’t happen any more.

  • I used to go swimming every Thursday when I was at school.
  • She used to smoke but she gave up a few years ago.

used to + infinitive should not be confused with be/get used to + -ing, which has a different meaning. The difference is covered here.


We can use would to talk about repeated past actions that don’t happen any more.

  • Every Saturday I would go on a long bike ride.
  • My dad would read me amazing stories every night at bedtime.

would for past habits is slightly more formal than used to. It is often used in stories. We don’t normally use the negative or question form of would for past habits. Note that we can’t usually use would to talk about past states. 

Past simple

We can always use the past simple as an alternative to used to or would to talk about past states or habits. The main difference is that the past simple doesn’t emphasize the repeated or continuous nature of the action or situation. Also, the past simple doesn’t make it so clear that the thing is no longer true.

  • I went to the same beach every summer.
  • I used to go to the same beach every summer.
  • I would go to the same beach every summer.

Past Simple

Irregular Verbs
did + infinitive verb*
verb in the simple past
Regular Verbs
did + infinitive verb*
verb in the simple past
did + pronoun
+ infinite verb
did + not + infinitive verb*
verb in the simple past
1st person
I did eat
I ate
I finishedDid I eat?I did not eat
I didn’t eat
2nd person
She did eat
She ate
It finishedDid he eat?She did not eat
She didn’t eat
3rd person
You/We/ They
You did eat
You ate
They finishedDid you eat?You did not eat
You didn’t eat
*used for emphasis

Past Simple Verb To Be

PositiveNegativeNegative short formQuestionPositive sentence
1st person
waswas notwasn’t(where)  was I?I was on time.
2nd person
waswas notwasn’t(who) was she?She was a teacher.
3rd person
You/We/ They
werewere notweren’t(how) were they?You were late.

Past Continuous Verb To Be

1st person
I was going
I was staying
(where) was I going?I was not going
I wasn’t staying
2nd person
She was going
She was leaving
(why) was he going?
(who) was she staying with?
She was not going
She wasn’t staying
3rd person
We were going
They were going
(what) were you doing?
(when) were we going?
You were not going
They were not staying

Past Perfect

Auxiliary had + verb in the past participle

  • When the police arrived, the thief had escaped
  • had written the email before he apologized. 
  • Kate had wanted to see the movie, but she did not have money for the ticket. 

Past Perfect Continuous

Auxiliary had + verb in the past participle + ing

  • had been working at the company for five years when I got the promotion.
  • Martha had been walking three miles a day before she broke her leg.
  • He had been reading different kinds of books since morning.


Future Simple

Auxiliary will

  •  I will meet him later  
  •  It will rain tomorrow 
  •  We will get married in September  

Future Continuous

Auxiliary will + be + ing

  • This time tomorrow I will be lying on the beach.
  • This time tomorrow I will be celebrating my birthday
  • They will be playing football in that field. 
  • April will be having coffee in this coffee shop. 
  • Bob will be going to the library. 
  • We will be shopping in that market this Monday. 

Future Perfect

Auxiliary will + has/have + verb in past participle

  • The parade will have ended by the time Chester gets out of bed. 
  • At eight o’clock I will have left.

Future Perfect Continuous

Auxiliary will + have + been + ing

  • When I turn thirty, I will have been playing piano for twenty-one years.
  • At five o’clock, I will have been waiting for thirty minutes.

Modal Verbs

Expressing Voice

  • Our dessert was eaten by the dog.
  • School buses are driven by city employees.
  • The phone will be disconnected tomorrow.

Expressing Ability

  • No one can feel as helpless as the parent of a sick child.
  • Well, either side could win it, or it could be a draw.

Expressing Possibility

It is never too late to be what you might have been.

George Eliot

If there were no bad people, there would be no good lawyers.

Charles Dickens

Expressing Permission

 Use can for ability and may for permission. Can is a modal auxiliary verb meaning to be able toMay is a modal auxiliary verb meaning to be permitted to.

  • I can whistle.

(I have the ability to whistle.)

  • May I have a biscuit?

(Am I permitted to have a biscuit?)    

Expressing Necessity

It is during our darkest moments that we must focus to see the light.


A baby is the universe’s opinion that life should go on.

Carl Sandburg

I don’t say we all ought to misbehave, but we ought to look as if we could.

Actor Orson Welles

Expressing Intention

We shall heal our wounds, collect our dead and continue fighting.

Mao Zedong
  • Could have (could’ve) + past participle (positive) means that something was possible in the past, or you had the ability to do something in the past, but that you didn’t do it. (Modal of ability and probability).

She could have gone to any college she wanted to.

They could have won the race, but they didn’t try hard enough.

We also use it when we want to make a guess about something that happened in the past. We’re just talking about our opinion of what maybe happened.

He could have got stuck in traffic. This is called a modal of probability.

  • We can also choose to use might have + past participle to mean the same thing:

He might have forgotten that we were meeting today.

He might have overslept.

He might have got stuck in traffic.

  • Couldn’t have + past participle (negative) means that something wasn’t possible in the past, even if you had wanted to do it.

I couldn’t have arrived any earlier. There was a terrible traffic jam (= it was impossible for me to have arrived any earlier).

He couldn’t have passed the exam, even if he had studied harder. It’s a really, really difficult exam.

  • Should have (should’ve) can mean something that would have been a good idea, but that you didn’t do it. It’s like giving advice about the past when you say it to someone else, or regretting what you did or didn’t do when you’re talking about yourself.

He should have told the truth about what he saw.  

We also use it when we want to say that something wasn’t a good idea, but you did it anyway.

I should have gone to bed early

I shouldn’t have eaten so much cake!

You should have called me when you arrived

We can also use should have + past participle to talk about something out of the ordinary. We’re not certain that everything is fine, so we use ‘should have’ and not the present perfect or past simple. It’s often used with ‘by now’.

Her plane should have arrived by now.

  • Would have (would’ve) Part of the third conditional.

would have gone to the party, but I was tired.  

If I had had enough money, I would have moved abroad.

Because ‘would’ (and will) can also be used to show if you want to do something or not (volition), we can also use would have + past participle to talk about something you wanted to do but didn’t. This is very similar to the third conditional, but we don’t need an ‘if clause’.

I would have gone to the party, but I was really busy.

I would have called you, but I didn’t know your number.

John: Nobody volunteered to help us with the fair
Mary: I would have helped you. I didn’t know you needed help.

A Phrasal Verb is phrase that consists of a verb with a preposition or adverb or both, the meaning of which is different from the meaning of its separate parts: “Pay for,” “work out,” and “make up for” are all phrasal verbs. More examples

  • Some phrasal verbs are complete sentences (usually imperative): get up, stand down, back off.
  • Some phrasal verbs consist of three words, such as ‘look up to’
Phrasal VerbMeaning (Most Common)
Aim AtTo point a weapon at someone or something.
Ask ForTo request something.
Ask OutWhen you ask someone to go with you to a certain place or for a special occasion, to spend time together and have fun. If one or both parties involved are interested in a romantic way, then it is considered a date.
Back DownTo withdraw your position in a fight, argument, plan, etc.
Back OffWhen you leave an emotional situation, or to allow someone to handle something alone.
Back UpTo walk or drive a vehicle backwards.
Beat UpWhen someone punches, kicks, or hits someone repeatedly using fists or with an object.
Beef UpTo make changes or an improvement.
Believe InTo feel confident about something or someone.
Bite OffTo use your teeth to bite a piece of something.
Blow AwayWhen the wind moves an object or person from where it was.
Blow OffWhen the wind removes something from its place.
Blow OutTo extinguish or make a flame stop burning.
Blow UpTo make something explode.
Boil Down ToTo have determined or analyzed the solution or reason for something.
Break DownWhen someone loses self-control and is emotionally and/or mentally agitated. This meaning has a noun form for a situation where someone loses self-control.
Break InTo enter a place illegally and with the use of force.
Break OffTo remove a part of something with force.
Break OutTo escape from a place, situation or way of life.
Break ThroughTo make a way through a barrier or a surface.
Break UpTo stop a fight.
Bring BackTo return something you’ve borrowed.
Bring OverTo bring someone or something from one place or area to another.
Bring UpTo bring something from a lower level/place to a higher level/place.
Brush OffTo remove something(dust particle, insect, etc) with your hand.
Brush UpTo practice and review your knowledge or a skill that you haven’t used in a while.
Build In/IntoTo add a fixture or component to a certain area or place through construction.
Bump IntoWhen you meet people by accident or unexpectedly.
Burn DownWhen someone uses fire to destroy a structure.
Burn OutWhen a candle stops burning because there is nothing left to burn.
Burn UpTo destroy something with heat or fire.
Burst OutTo suddenly do or say something.
Butt InTo interrupt a conversation or activity.
Call BackTo call someone again.
Call ForthTo cause a specified response.
Call InTo request that someone come and help.
Call OffTo cancel an event that has been previously planned.
Call UpTo be chosen to take part in a military mission.
Calm DownTo become less violent, nervous, excited or angry.
Care ForTo nurture or take care of someone or something.
Carry AwayTo do something out of the ordinary due to strong emotions.
Carry OnTo continue doing something or to continue on in life despite an obstacle.
Carry OutTo move something or someone from one place to another using your arms or an object.
Catch OnTo understand or realize something.
Catch UpTo move faster to reach someone or something that is ahead of you.
Cheat OnWhen you are emotionally and/or sexually unfaithful to your girlfriend/boyfriend or spouse.
Check InTo register at a hotel or airport upon arrival.
Check OutTo leave a hotel or other form of an accommodation after your stay there.
Chicken OutTo refrain from doing something because of fear.
Choke upTo become tearful or overcome with strong emotion.
Chop UpTo cut something into pieces with a knife.
Clean OutTo clean or clear the inside of something thoroughly.
Clear OutTo remove things completely from an area or place.
Clear UpTo do something to solve a problem or a misunderstanding.
Clog UpWhen something in a drain or valve prevents the flow of water or other liquids
Close DownWhen the activities or services of a business permanently end.
Close OffTo block an entrance or pathway.
Come AboutWhen something happens or occurs.
Come AcrossThe way other people perceive something or someone.
Come AlongTo come with or to make progress; develop.
Come ApartWhen something breaks or separates piece by piece.
Come BackTo return to a place.
Come DownTo move from a higher to a lower position or from north to south.
Come Down ToWhen a situation is reduced to a certain outcome.
Come Down WithWhen you start to experience the symptoms of a disease or illness.
Come InWhen someone or something enters a place, building, or room.
Come OffWhen something is removed or breaks off from where it was originally attached to.
Come OnTo appear on television or be heard on the radio.
Come OutTo leave a place.
Come OverTo make a visit.
Come ThroughWhen someone or something expected arrives.
Come UpWhen something appears or happens, either expected or unexpected.
Come Up WithWhen you think of a solution, idea, plan, or excuse.
Con IntoTo persuade someone to do something through lies and deception.
Con Out OfTo persuade someone to give or do something through lies and deception.
Cool OffTo lose temperature.
Count OnTo rely on someone for support when you need it most.
Count UpTo count all of something or people in a group.
Cover Up To use something to conceal something else.
Crack DownTo take more action than usual against wrongdoing.
Crack upTo burst into laughter.
Cross OffTo remove or delete someone or something from a list.
Cut BackWhen you spend less money on something.
Cut DownTo do less of something or to use something in smaller amounts.
Cut OffTo completely remove or separate a part of something by cutting it with something sharp like a knife or a pair of scissors, etc.
Cut OutTo remove something using a knife or a pair of scissors.
Cut UpWhen you use a knife or scissors to cut something into several pieces.
Deal WithWhen you do everything you must do to solve a problem or complete.
Do Away WithTo dispose of something.
Do OverTo do something again in order to improve or correct mistakes.
Do WithTo make a connection between two or more things.
Do WithoutTo manage well without something or someone.
Doze OffTo go to sleep unintentionally.
Dress UpTo wear formal clothes, or a costume for a special occasion.
Drop InTo visit someone unexpectedly or without making arrangements first.
Drop OffTo gradually decline/become less.
Drop OutTo quit a school program or training course.
Dry OffTo dry something or a surface quickly.
Dry OutTo remove water or other liquid from a container.
Dry UpWhen all the liquid and/or moisture evaporates.
Eat UpWhen someone consumes all their food.
Empty OutTo remove everyone or everything from a space.
End UpThe end result of something planned or unplanned.
Fall ApartWhen something breaks all at once or piece by piece.
Fall BackTo move or turn back; retreat.
Fall BehindTo move slower than others.
Fall DownTo fall to the ground.
Fall ForWhen you have an intense attraction to something or someone.
Fall OffWhen something drops to a lower level.
Fall OutTo fall from or through something.
Fall OverWhen someone or something falls from an upright position to the ground.
Fall ThroughIf things do not go as planned, or if a plan, deal or agreement fails.
Feel Up ToWhen you have/don’t have the energy and confidence to do something.
Fight BackWhen you defend yourself/resist an attack, or make an effort against an opponent in a competition.
Figure OnTo expect or plan for something.
Fill InTo add personal information in the blank spaces of an official document.
Fill OutTo complete a form.
Fill UpTo fill something completely.
Find OutTo become aware of something or someone.
Fix UpTo make plans or arrangements with someone or for others.
Flip OutTo become very mad or lose control over your emotions.
Float AroundWhen an object or a person is near, but you cannot pinpoint the exact location.
Follow UpTo find out more about something, or take further action in regards to it.
Fool AroundTo waste time doing unimportant or silly things.
Freak OutWhen someone becomes irrationally upset or angry, sometimes to the point of confusion.
Get AheadTo become successful in the professional environment or make consistent progress in life.
Get AlongTo have good interactions with others.
Get Around ToTo do something that needed to get done at an earlier time.
Get AwayTo escape from something.
Get BackTo return to a place.
Get Back AtTo get revenge.
Get Back ToWhen you talk to someone at a later time either because you are busy or you have obtained additional or new information.
Get BehindTo learn, work, or progress more slowly than others.
Get ByTo pass someone or something.
Get DownTo move to a lower place or level.
Get InTo arrive or enter a place, room, building, etc.
Get OffTo leave a form of transportation, except a car.
Get Off OnTo be excited or to truly enjoy doing something.
Get OnWhen you move your body and either stand, sit, lie, kneel, etc. towards something (non-separable).
Get OutTo leave or escape.
Get Out OfTo receive a benefit and/or satisfaction from doing something.
Get OverTo move past an obstacle to the other side.
Get Over WithTo finish something that needs to get done.
Get ThroughWhen a message, meaning, or idea is understood or accepted.
Get ToTo arrive to or assist someone to a place.
Get TogetherTo meet and spend time together.
Get UpTo move to a higher level/position.
Give AwayTo give something for free or without expecting anything in return.
Give InTo surrender to something.
Give OutTo distribute something.
Give UpTo stop doing something without completing it.
Go About To take the necessary steps to get something done.
Go AfterWhen you do your best to get something no matter how difficult it is.
Go AheadTo proceed to do something that you were hesitant about.
Go Along Withto accept or agree with a decision, rule, opinion, etc.
Go AroundTo follow a circular path.
Go AwayTo move or travel from one place to another place.
Go BackTo return to a place, time, activity, or a person.
Go Back OnWhen you fail to fulfill a promise you made to someone.
Go BeyondTo be more than or better than what is normal or expected.
Go ByTo pass someone or something quickly.
Go DownTo move to a lower position, place, price, level, etc.
Go ForTo try to obtain.
Go InTo enter a place, building, room, etc.
Go In ForTo enter a place or area for a specific reason.
Go In/IntoTo enter a place, room, building, etc. usually through a door.
Go OffTo leave unannounced.
Go OnWhen something takes place.
Go OutTo leave a place or area you’re in.
Go OverTo review something.
Go Through WithWhen you make a decision to do something, and actually do it.
Go UpTo move or extend to a higher level or farther North.
Go WithTo accompany someone to a place.
Goof AroundTo waste time doing silly or unimportant things.
Gross OutTo be disgusted with someone or something.
Grow Out OfTo become too big or too tall for your clothes.
Grow UpWhen you physically change from a child to an adult.
Hand BackWhen you return something to the person who owns it after the person has given it to you
Hand InTo give something to a person of authority.
Hand OutTo distribute something free to other people.
Hand OverTo give upon request or demand.
Hang AroundTo spend time in a place or an area.
Hang OnWhen you hold something, often for support of comfort.
Hang OutTo hang something, usually wet clothes, to dry.
Hang UpTo hang clothes or an object on a hook, hanger or rod.
Have OnTo wear clothing, cosmetics, perfume, etc.
Head BackTo go to a place where you’ve been before or where you started from.
Head ForWhen a situation becomes more likely.
Head TowardTo move in the direction where someone or something is.
Hear AboutWhen you learn details about something or someone.
Hear OfWhen you learn about something or someone.
Heat UpTo make something warmer or cause a rise in temperature.
Help OutTo assist people with something.
Hit OnTo suddenly have a solution to a problem or an interesting idea.
Hold AgainstWhen you don’t forgive or have little respect for someone because of something they did.
Hold OffTo delay something.
Hold OnWhen you wait for a short time.
Hold OutTo extend your hand or an object in front of you.
Hold UpTo hold someone or something up in the air.
Hook UpWhen you connect two electrical devices together.
Hurry UpTo do something quickly.
Keep AtTo continue doing an activity even though it may be difficult.
Keep AwayTo avoid getting close to someone or something.
Keep DownTo make sound, music and noise minimal.
Keep FromTo stop yourself or other people from doing something.
Keep OffTo avoid discussing a particular subject or topic.
Keep OnTo continue doing something.
Keep ToWhen you don’t share information.
Keep UpTo continue to do something.
Kick BackTo illegally pay extra money to someone as part of the price.
Kick OutTo force someone to leave an organization or place.
Knock OffTo use force to cause someone or something to fall from its place, whether intentionally or accidentally.
Knock OutWhen someone is struck hard enough to cause them to lose consciousness.
Knock OverTo make contact with something or someone in such a way it or they fall.
Know AboutTo have knowledge of or be familiar with something.
Lay DownTo place something on a surface or an object.
Lay OffWhen a company or business ends a worker’s employment.
Lead Up ToWhen a period of time or a series of events cause an event, situation or conversation to happen.
Leave BehindWhen you don’t take something or someone with you when you leave.
Leave OffTo accidentally or intentionally not include a person or thing on a list.
Leave OutTo not include someone or something.
Leave OverWhen you have a portion that still remains from something after you have used or eaten the rest of it.
Let DownTo disappoint someone.
Let InTo allow someone or something to enter a place.
Let GoTo release
Let OffTo allow someone to leave a car, bus, train etc.
Let OnTo tell something that is a secret or private.
Let OutWhen you give permission for someone to leave or be released from a place.
Let UpWhen someone or something becomes less intense or strong.
Lie AroundTo be lazy or to not do anything.
Lift UpTo raise someone or something to a higher level.
Light UpTo illuminate something.
Lighten UpWhen a conversation is changed or a person changes to become less serious.
Line UpTo form in a row one after another or side-by-side.
Live WithTo share the same residence.
Lock InTo secure people or things behind a closed door.
Lock OutWhen you don’t have the key or passcode to enter a secured place.
Lock UpWhen you shut the windows and doors of a place or building.
Look AroundTo turn your head to see what or who is around you.
Look At To divert your eyes to someone or something.
Look Down OnWhen you consider someone or something as unimportant or with little to no value. The opposite of yesterday’s phrasal verb.
Look Forward ToTo anticipate a future event because it either makes you happy and/or you benefit from it.
Look IntoTo investigate or get more facts about something.
Look OutTo remain alert.
Look OverTo examine or inspect something or someone.
Look UpWhen a situation becomes better.
Look Up ToThis particular phrasal verb is used to say you view someone with respect and/or admiration.
Luck OutTo have exceptionally good luck.
Make For To go in a certain direction, typically in a hurry.
Make OfTo understand the meaning of something.
Make UpTo invent a story.
Mess UpWhen something is dirty or unorganized.
Mix UpTo put or combine different things together so they’ll merge successfully.
Monkey Around WithTo try to play with or repair a device that you have no true knowledge about.
Move InWhen you bring your personal belongings and stuff to a new place where you will live. Yesterday’s phrasal verb, Move Out, has the opposite meaning.
Move OutWhen you permanently remove all your belongings and personal items from a place where you live or stay.
Narrow DownTo reduce the number of options or possibilities.
Pay BackWhen you return money that you owe someone.
Pay ForTo purchase merchandise.
Pay OffTo repay money that is owed to a person or entity.
Pay UpTo pay all the money that is owed or asked for.
Pick OnTo tease and/or criticize someone over a period of time.
Pick OutWhen you are able to recognize something or someone from a group.
Pick UpTo get someone or something from somewhere.
Pile Up To put things in a pile or heap.
Piss Off[Informal] To be angry about something.
Plan AheadTo prepare for a future event or situation.
Plan ForTo prepare for a big event or expectation in the future.
Plan OnWhen you have the intention to do something.
Plug InTo connect an electrical device to an electrical outlet.
Plug In/IntoTo connect an electrical appliance/machine to another piece of equipment or to a power source.
Plug UpTo block a narrow passage such as a hole, drain, or pipe so that nothing can flow through.
Point OutTo make someone aware of something.
Point ToWhen you aim at something or someone using your finger or hand.
Print OutTo produce a hard copy of a computer document.
Pull OffTo succeed in doing something difficult or tricky.
Pull OutWhen something or someone leaves a place.
Pull OverTo drive your vehicle to the side of the road to stop.
Pull ThroughTo recover from an injury or illness.
Punch InTo enter data or record time on a device.
Punch OutTo record the time you leave the workplace using a special clock.
Put AwayTo place something where it cannot be seen or isn’t in the way of other things.
Put BackWhen something is causing a project to slow down.
Put DownTo place something on a surface or an object.
Put InWhen you invest or make a deposit. In this example, the amount almost always separates the verb.
Put OffTo become offended by someone or something.
Put OutTo extend a part of your body.
Put PastTo not be surprised by a person’s actions. [Always used with the negative]
Put ToTo cause someone or something to be in a certain state or to do something extra.
Put TogetherTo assemble or connect the parts of something.
Put UpTo move an object to a higher level.
Put Up ToTo encourage or persuade someone to do something.
Put Up WithTo tolerate or accept something that you’d rather not.
Ring UpTo call someone on the phone.
Rip OffWhen someone asks for a price for something that is too high, when someone cheats or steals.
Rip UpTo tear something (i.e. paper, cloth, etc.) into pieces.
Rule OutWhen someone or something is excluded as a possibility.
Run AcrossTo move or run from one side to the other.
Run AroundTo go from one place to another in a hurry.
Run DownTo hit someone or something with a vehicle.
Run IntoWhen something collides with another object by accident.
Run OutWhen people exit a place very quickly. Run In/ Run Into is the opposite of this meaning.
Run OverWhen someone is injured or killed by a vehicle.
Run UpTo run from a lower elevation or level to a higher elevation or level.
Screw OnTo ensure the top of a container/bottle is sealed.
Screw Out OfTo cheat or deceive someone.
Screw UpTo make a mistake or do something really bad.
See AboutTo seriously think about doing something.
Sell OutWhen all the inventory of a particular product has been purchased.
Set UpTo organize or plan for an activity/event to happen.
Settle DownTo begin living a stable and routine life.
Settle ForTo accept something even though it’s not what you want or need.
Shake UpTo mix something in a container by shaking it.
Show OffTo overly display your skills or what you have.
Shut OffTo stop the operation of an electrical or mechanical device.
Shut UpTo stop talking.
Sign InTo write your name on a list to indicate the day and time you arrived at a certain place.
Sign OutTo write your name on a list to indicate the day and time of your departure.
Sit DownTo change from a standing to a sitting position.
Slow DownTo do something slower.
Sneak In/IntoTo enter a place quietly to avoid being seen or heard.
Sneak OutTo leave a place without being noticed.
Sort OutTo arrange or separate things into groups according to similarities.
Space OutWhen someone’s attention is not in the present moment. [Adj.] {spaced out} To describe a person whose attention isn’t in the present moment.
Stand AroundTo stand in one place or area when you should be doing something.
Stand ForTo support or represent an idea, belief, etc.
Stand UpTo rise from sitting or lying down to a vertical position.
Start OffThe beginning of an event, activity or time period.
Start OutTo begin a trip or venture to some place.
Start UpTo start something.
Stay OffTo avoid discussing a certain subject or topic.
Stay OutTo spend time out of your own home.
Stay UpTo remain in a place that is higher than ground level.
Step OnTo place your foot on something or someone.
Stick AroundTo stay in a place or with someone for any period of time.
Stick OutTo extend something outward.
Stick ToWhen something is attached to another by some form of adhesive.
Stick UpTo use a weapon, especially a gun, to rob someone.
Stick WithTo continue to use or do something.
Stop OffTo make a quick stop on your way to a destination.
Stop OverTo visit someone for a short period of time.
Straighten OutTo make something straight.
Stress OutTo feel very worried, nervous or anxious.
Switch OffWhen you move something from the ‘on’ state to the ‘off’ state. Synonymous with “Turn Off.” Yesterday’s “Switch On” is the opposite.
Switch OnWhen you move something from the ‘off’ state to the ‘on’ state. Synonymous with “Turn On,” while “Switch Off” is the opposite.
Take ApartTo disconnect or separate the parts of an object.
Take BackTo return something or someone.
Take InTo be successfully tricked or deceived by someone.
Take OutTo remove an object from an area, place or container.
Take Out OnTo direct your anger towards someone or something when you’re really upset about someone or something else.
Take Up OnWhen you accept an invitation or offer from someone.
Talk Down ToTo talk to someone as if they are less intelligent than you by conveying a tone of voice or attitude that says so.
Talk IntoTo convince someone to do something.
Talk Out OfTo convince someone not to do something.
Talk ToTo have a conversation with someone.
Tear DownTo deconstruct a building or home.
Tear OffTo remove with force.
Tell ApartTo be able to differentiate something or someone from something or someone else.
Tell OnTo inform an authoritative figure about what someone else did.
Think AboutTo consider something prior to making a final decision.
Think AheadTo think and plan carefully for a future situation or event.
Think UpTo use your imagination to create a plan, idea, or a solution.
Throw AwayTo dispose of something you no longer find useful in a waste bin, trash, etc.
Throw OutWhen you get rid of something by putting it in a trash can, bin, etc.
Throw UpTo vomit or puke.
Track DownTo locate someone or something after a long search
Trade InTo exchange something old for something new.
Trick IntoTo convince or persuade someone to believe something untrue or to do something for you.
Try OnTo see how something fits or looks before purchasing.
Try OutTo show that you are qualified to do something.
Turn AroundWhen someone or something moves until it faces the opposite direction.
Turn DownTo decrease the temperature, sound, etc.
Turn InTo give someone or something to the police or someone of authority.
Turn IntoTo transform.
Turn OffTo stop a device from functioning.
Turn OnTo cause someone to feel interested and/or attracted.
Turn OutTo attend an event, meeting, etc.
Turn OverTo move an object so that the part that is on top becomes the bottom and vice versa.
Turn UpTo increase the controls of an electronic or mechanical device.
Use UpTo completely consume or use all of a supply.
Wake UpWhen you are finished sleeping.
Wash OffTo remove dirt or unwanted markings with soap and water.
Wash UpTo clean your face, hands, body, etc.
Watch OutTo be aware of someone or something.
Wear DownTo make the surface or top of something disappear due to friction.
Wear OffTo decrease or disappear gradually.
Wear OutWhen something is damaged or weakened from use and age.
Wind UpTo operate a mechanical device by turning its handle.
Wipe OffTo completely remove or clean something from a surface or location.
Wipe OutTo clean the inside of something.
Wipe UpTo remove liquid from a surface using a sponge, towel or cloth, etc.
Work InTo make time in a busy schedule for a person or an activity.
Work OutWhen a situation, event, plan, or idea is successful.
Work UpTo gradually improve at or make progress in something.
Wrap UpTo cover something with some kind of special paper.
Zip UpTo close an item that has a zipper.
InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
bewas / werebeen
getgotgot (gotten)
readread (pronounced /red/)read (pronounced /red/)